There are several types of financial institutions including:
1. Banks: Banks are financial institutions that accept deposits, make loans, and provide other financial services to individuals and businesses.
2. Credit unions: Credit unions are financial cooperatives that are owned and controlled by their members. They offer similar services as banks, but generally have lower fees and interest rates.
3. Insurance companies: Insurance companies provide protection against financial losses, such as with life insurance, health insurance, and property and casualty insurance.
4. Investment firms: Investment firms manage investments on behalf of individuals or institutions, and may offer services such as brokerage, mutual funds, and financial planning.
5. Brokerage firms: Brokerage firms facilitate the buying and selling of securities, such as stocks and bonds, for individual investors.
6. Pension funds: Pension funds are investment funds that manage assets on behalf of employees for retirement purposes.
7. Mortgage companies: Mortgage companies provide loans for the purchase or refinance of real estate.
8. Hedge funds: Hedge funds are investment funds that use various strategies to generate returns for their investors, and are only available to high net worth individuals and institutional investors.